治理,电子治理,政府网站,安全,SHEL,策略,电子治理视角下的政府网站安全探讨
电子治理视角下的政府网站安全探讨
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电子治理视角下的政府网站安全探讨

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  • 治理,电子治理,政府网站,安全,SHEL,策略,
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    信息通信技术的发展与治理理论的结合,产生了电子治理,电子治理及其善治目标,均依赖于政府网站这一平台,安全的政府网站是实现电子治理臻于善治的基本保证。同时,电子治理作为信息时代新的治理模式,又正是解决政府网站安全的有效途径。文章首先阐释了治理、电子治理相关理论:治理是一种协调、互动的过程,它包含自然形成的多主体、多权威,多权力中心,它们界限模糊,彼此相互依赖,形成一个自主网络,它内在地要求不断运用新工具、新技术解决新不足。电子治理简单的说即是指信息与通信技术在治理中的运用及其影响,他有一个终极的目标,那就是善治。电子治理及其善治目标的实现,依赖于安全的政府网站。政府网站是实现信息公开的重要窗口,是面向企业、NGO、公众等社会主体提供在线服务的支撑平台,是公众与政府之间互动的桥梁,是公民参与、电子决策的主要载体。政府网站安全具有广泛性、不确定性、不对称性和动态性。只有提供安全的政府网站,社会主体才能在这样的一个平台下进行电子治理,一个安全的政府网站,才能体现合法性、参与性、共识导向、责任性、透明性、回应性、有效以及法治等善治的基本特点。政府网站安全是一个系统的概念,是诸多因素共同作用的结果。电子治理作为一种新的治理理念,提供了政府网站安全治理的新的结构框架。总的来说,政府网站安全的治理受软件、硬件、环境和人件的影响,基于SHEL模型,文章浅析浅析了政府网站安全的治理结构:管理规程与法律保障,安全基础设施及技术,公民社会的有效培育以及责任公民的积极参与。最后,文章浅析浅析了政府网站安全的近况及其存在的不足。政府网站的安全不单纯是一个技术或管理的不足,它还涉及到价值理念的表达与追求,治理政府网站安全需要提升治理的理念。在此基础上,文章提出了完善治理主体结构,建立治理技术体系、法律体系、管理体系相结合的政府网站安全治理对策。

    【Abstract】WwW.zIdiR.coM The combination of development of information and communication technology and governance theory, resulting in an e-governance, e-governance and good governance objectives, are dependent on government websites this platform, secure government web sites are basic guarantee to achieve e-governance reaching for good governance. At the same time, e-governance as a new model of governance in the information age is an effective way to governance of government web sites security.The article first interprets the theory of governance and e-governance: governance is a coordinated, interactive process, it contains a natural form of multi-subjects, multi-authorities, more power centers, they are blurring of boundaries, interdependent with each other to form an autonomous network, and inherently demands the use of new tools, new technologies to solve new problems. Simply put, e-governance refers to information and communication technology in the use of governance and its impact, and e-governance there is an ultimate objective of good governance.E-governance and its goal of good governance rely on secure government web sites. Government websites are important window of public information disclosure, and the support platform of online services for enterprises, NGOs, publics and other social subjects, and the interaction between the publics and the governments of the bridges, and the main vehicle for civic participation, electronic decision-making. Government web sites securities have features of extensiveness, uncertainty, asymmetry and dynamic. Only the government websites to provide a safe, social subjects can be under such a platform for e-governance, only a secure government web sites can reflect the legitimacy, participation, consensus orientation, accountability, transparency, responsiveness and effective and the rule of law, etc. the basic characteristics of good governance.Government websites security is the concept of a system, and the result of combined effect of many factors. E-governance as a new concept of governance, provide a new security governance framework for government web sites. In general, the governance of government websites security affected by software, hardware, environment and liveware, based on the SHEL model, the article analyzes the governance structure of the security of government web sites: the management rule, procedure and legal protection, security infrastructure and technology, cultivation of effective civil society, as well as the active participation of responsible citizens.Finally, the article analyzes the status of government websites security and its problems. The security of government web sites is not simply a technical or management problems, it relates to the expression and the pursuit of value ideas, and the governance of security of government websites need to promote the concept of governance. On this basis, the article propose perfecting the structure of the governance subjects, and establishing governance technology system, legal system, management system, a combination of governance strategies for government websites security.

    【关键词】 治理; 电子治理; 政府网站; 安全; SHEL; 对策;
    【Key words】 governance; e-governance; government websites; security; SHEL; strategy;
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