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集体林权制度革新后的山区生态公益林管护

集体林权制度革新以前,林地的管护大都是林业主管部门或村委会主导,林农大都处于一种被动地位。由于产权不明晰,很多林农对于林地的管护也采取一种搭便车的行为。集体林权制度革新明晰了产权,放活了经营权,落实了处置权,保障了收益权,使林农以一种主人翁的身份参与到林地的管护中来,转变了以前自上而下的管护模式,形成了一种林农自发的管护模式。随着集体林权制度革新的推进,很多地方将生态公益林也划分给林农自己来经营。生态公益林作为一种公共资源,有着重要的生态效益和社会效益。本研究以林农微观行为作为研究的切入点,以集体林权制度革新后安徽省金寨县朱堂村的生态公益林为例,旨在通过对林农参与生态公益林管护行为研究,揭示出私人(林农)参与公共利益(生态公益林管护)的动机和行为。以及在管护过程中的制约因素,以更好地引导、激励和规范林农参与生态公益林管护行为,确保林农的持续有效参与,提升生态公益林的生态效益、经济效益和社会效益。

【Abstract】WwW.zIdiR.coM Before the collective forest tenure reform, the management of forestland is mostly led by the competent forestry authorities or committee. The woodland farmers were in a passive position. Because property were not themselves, many woodland farmers took a hitchhiking behavior in the management of forestland. The collective forest tenure reform define the property, the right of agriculture-related, implemented disposition, safeguard the remuneration, which established a legal status for the woodland farmers to participate in the management of forest.Meanwhile, The collective forest tenure reform formed a kind of imposition of management mode of spontaneous.Along with the advance of collective forest right system reform, many ecological public welfare forest had been divided to the woodland farmers. As a kind of public resources, the ecological public welfare forest has important ecological benefit and social benefit. In this study the breakthrough point is microscopic behavior of the woodland farmers. Through the behavioral research of woodland farmers who participate in the ecological non-commercial forest, this sdudy aims to reveals motives and behavior of woodland farmers to participate in public interest (forest ecological non-commercial forest and the the restrictive factors in the management process. Ensure that the woodland farmers can take sustained and continued participation in the ecological public welfare forest, so as to promote sustained ecological benefit and economic benefit and social benefit.

【关键词】 集体林权制度革新; 山区; 生态公益林; 管护;
【Key words】 The collective forest tenure reform; mountain; ecological public welfare forest; management;
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