大学生,课外体育活动,健康,异属多项组合项目,可行性,山东省高校课外体育活动开展异属多项组合项目的可行性探讨
山东省高校课外体育活动开展异属多项组合项目的可行性探讨
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山东省高校课外体育活动开展异属多项组合项目的可行性探讨

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  • 大学生,课外体育活动,健康,异属多项组合项目,可行性,
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    随着我国人才培养由“应试教育”向“素质教育”的转轨,要求高校体育教育把培养学生终身体育意识、能力及全面健康和社会适应,内化到体育教育全面发展的目标之中,确立以学生为主体的训练形式,重视学生个性的发展,培养学生自主学习、自我锻炼、独立深思和创造的能力。在现代教育理论和实践中,课外体育是学校体育的一个重要组成部分,越来越受到人们的重视,它既是素质教育的重要内容,也是对学生实施素质教育的一个重要途径。近年来,各大高校为了提高知名度扩大招生力度纷纷扩大学校面积,建立大型的新校区,在新建校区内环境设施和各种体育场馆都比较齐全。各大高校学生对课外体育活动的选择都趋向于趣味性项目和新兴项目,而对健身性强却形式枯燥的传统的田径运动项目渐渐遗忘。异属多项组合项目是由田麦久教授的项群理论中的异属多项组合项群引申出来的,所谓异属多项组合项目即不同大项中的几个小项组合形成的项目。这类项目是全面考验人类意志和体能的项目,是一项挑战自然、战胜自我的新型体育运动项目。目前山东省高校体育活动的发展动机比较明确,正在向着多元化和全面化方向发展,但是在不同程度上也受到体育场地、器材设施和学校体育文化氛围的限制和影响。随着社会经济条件的提高和高科技的发展,目前的高校大学生在选择发展身心健康的体育活动和时尚、美食、电子游戏、网络时,大都毫不犹豫的选择了后者。这些也是导致近十年全国大学生体质持续下降的主要理由之一。如何增强高校大学生的体质和发展身心健康是近几年来迫切关注的不足。异属多项组合项目具有多元性、灵活性、创新性等特点,其项目内容可以根据学生身体素质发展水平和学校环境设施进行确定,不受场地器材的限制,能更好的贴近大学生的喜好,缩短大学生与体育运动的距离,通过在山东省高校课外体育活动中开展异属多项组合项目,推动高校大学生参与体育活动的积极性,为提高高校大学生体质健康,建立终身体育思想观念奠定基础。本文是通过查阅大量的文献资料和咨询多位山东省高校教师,针对异属多项组合项目的特性、目前山东省高校大学生体质和课外体育活动的开展情况进行全面调查,提出山东省高校课外体育活动开展异属多项组合项目的价值、必要性和可行性,本论文运用了文献资料法、问卷调查法、专家访谈法和数理统计法等研究策略,对异属多项组合项目引进山东省高校展开调查研究和理论性浅析浅析,总结出在高校开展异属多项组合项目是必要可行的,目前山东省大部分高校在场地、器材和师资力量方面都有必要的保证。倡议山东省高校体育部门和体育教师对课外体育活动加大重视和投入,特别是多开展一些校内或者校际间的体育赛事,由此来推动山东省高校大学生参与体育运动的积极性,从而达到增强体魄,改善目前大学存活在的体质不足,为进一步培养终身体育的思想做铺垫。

    【Abstract】WwW.zIdiR.coM As China’s talent cultivation education "by" exam-oriented education "to" quality of college physical education, requirement transition raises the student lifelong sports consciousness and ability and overall health and social adaptation to the sports education, internalize the purpose of all-round development, establish student-centered forms of training, pay attention to students’ individual development, cultivation of students’ autonomous learning, self exercise, independent thinking and the ability to create in the modern education theory and practice, extracurricular sports is the school sports an important constituent, more and more attention by people, it is both the important content of education quality of students, but also one of the important implementing quality education approach. In recent years, universities to increase brand awareness expand recruitment efforts have expanded the establishment of large-scale school area, the new campus in new campus, internal environment facilities and all sorts of sports venues are complete. Universities students extracurricular sports activities in the choice of tends to be interesting projects and emerging project, and for body building strong but situation gradually the traditional athletics dull forgetfulness.Different combination of multiple projects from the TianMaijiu professor Portfolio of Projects theory of multiple combination of gods Portfolio of Projects extended out, so-called of many different combinations of several different categories, namely project portfolio formed project. This kind of project is the comprehensive test human will and fitness programs, the challenge is natural, defeat oneself new sports. At present the development of shandong university sports activities motivation comparatively clear, is moving towards a diversified and overall design direction, but in different extent have also been sports playgrounds, equipment and facilities and school sports cultural atmosphere of the restrictions and influence. Along with the social economy condition improvement and development of high-technology, the current college students in choosing development of physical and mental health of physical activity and fashion, food, electronic game, network, mostly not hesitate choose the latter. These also resulted in nearly a decade the national student physique continued to decline, one of the main reasons. How to enhance university students’ physique and development of physical and mental health is in last few years urgent issues.Different combination of multiple projects with diversity, flexibility, creativity, its characteristics such as project content may, according to the students’ physical development level and school environment facilities for certain, do not suffer facilities and restriction, can better close to the college students’ preferences, shorten the distance of college students and sports, through in shandong province university extracurricular sports activities in carrying out different combinations of several projects, promoting college students’ enthusia** of participation in sport, in order to improve college students’ physical health, establish lifelong PE ideology lay the foundation.This paper is through consulting a large number of literature material and consulting many shandong university teachers, according to different combination of multiple projects the characteristics, current shandong university students’ physique and extracurricular sports activities in the developing circumstance comprehensive survey, puts forward the shandong province university extracurricular sports activities of many different combination project value, necessity and feasibility, this paper use a literature data method, questionnaire survey, expert interview and mathematical statistics research methods to different combination of multiple project introduced shandong university investigating study and theoretical analysis, this paper summarizes the university to carry out the different combination of multiple project is feasible and necessary at present shandong most universities in ground and equipment and teachers are necessary guarantee. Suggest shandong university sports departments and physical education teachers in extracurricular sports activities in the increasing attention and investment, especially to develop some campus or intercollegiate sports event, thus between shandong university to promote college students to participate in the sports enthusia**, thus reach strengthen physique, improve current existing physical problems, college for further cultivate a lifelong sports thoughts groundwork.

    【关键词】 大学生; 课外体育活动; 健康; 异属多项组合项目; 可行性;
    【Key words】 College students; Extracurricular sports activities; Health; Different combination of multiple projects; feasibility;
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      大学生 课外体育活动 健康 异属多项组合项目 可行性
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