农村,未成年人,犯罪,预防,从当前农村未成年人犯罪情况谈农村未成年人犯罪的预防对策
从当前农村未成年人犯罪情况谈农村未成年人犯罪的预防对策
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从当前农村未成年人犯罪情况谈农村未成年人犯罪的预防对策

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  • 农村,未成年人,犯罪,预防,
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    如何预防未成年人犯罪,已经成为维护安定和谐社会重要不足。中国是农业大国,农村社会的稳定与否,关系到整个社会的安定,绝大部分未成年人生活在农村,在一定意 义上说,制约了农村未成年人犯罪,可以说就基本上制约了整个未成年人犯罪,因此对农村未成年人犯罪应寄予的关注。研究如何预防和减少农村未成年人犯罪,无疑具有重要的意 义。现有的关于未成年人犯罪的研究成果大多未进行城市和农村的区分,而是笼统地加以浅析浅析。城市和农村在生产方式、经济发展、教育制度、文化观念、思维方式和生活方式等方面存在着巨大的差异,农村和城市未成年人犯罪在特点、理由上也有明显的差别,笼统研究的结果必定会遮盖未成年人犯罪在城市和农村之间的差异。随着社会的变迁和发展会显现出新的特点和规律,我们应当研究社会发展新时期农村未成年人犯罪的新特点和新规律,使农村违法犯罪得到遏制,使农村未成年人权益得到充分保障。笔者根据审判实践,通过案卷资料、了解庭审情况,同时与主要办案人员进行交流,结合所在法院2007年至2010年1月至6月已经审结245件少年案件进行相关的数据比较,从农村未成年人违法犯罪的近况、理由进行浅析浅析,在此基础上提出预防农村未成年人犯罪对策与倡议,使农村违法犯罪得到遏制、预防。第一部分:农村未成年人违法犯罪的近况,包括农村未成年违法犯罪数量持续增长、犯罪类型以抢劫和盗窃犯罪为主,破坏电力设备罪呈上升趋势、作案形式上结伙作案现象突出、文化程度普遍低下,年龄大多数为16—18岁之间,初犯多、农村留守孩犯罪机率高、出现成年人利用未成年人去犯罪的现象。第二部分:对农村未成年人犯罪理由的浅析浅析,包括立法缺陷、社会因素的负面影响、城市化发展对农村未成年人犯罪的影响、教育、家庭、未成年人自身的理由。第三部分:预防农村未成年人犯罪对策与倡议。提出建立综合性的少年法院,全面落实司法保护;对《未成年人保护法》和《预防未成年人犯罪法》也应尽快制定适合形式发展需要的补充规定;进一步统一和完善少年工读学校、救助教养、劳动教养方面的立法;借鉴美国的“社区服务令”措施,充分发挥村民委员会的作用;净化社会环境,加强学校教育,优化家庭氛围;加大农村法制宣传力度,健全农村未成年人职业技能培训网络,拓宽农村未成年人就业渠道。

    【Abstract】WwW.zIdiR.coM How to prevent juvenile delinquency, have become a stable and harmonious society important issue. China is a large agricultural country, social stability in rural areas or not, related to the stability of society as a whole, most young people live in rural areas, in a certain sense, the control of juvenile delinquency in rural areas, can be said that essentially controls the the juvenile delinquency, juvenile delinquency in rural areas therefore more attention should be placed. Study how to prevent and reduce juvenile crime in rural areas is undoubtedly important. Existing research on juvenile delinquency results are not up to the distinction between urban and rural, but the general analysis. Urban and rural areas in the mode of production, economic development, education, cultural values, ways of thinking and way of life and so there are great differences, rural and urban juvenile crime in the feature, because there are also obvious differences, the results of general studies bound to cover a minor crime in urban and rural differences. As society changes and the development will show new features and laws, we should study the social development of juvenile delinquency in rural areas of new features and new laws, so that rural crimes has been checked, to get the full rights of rural young people protection.According to judicial practice, the author, through case file information about court cases at the same time to communicate with the main investigators, combined with where the Court from 2007 to 2010 1 Jan to June has been completed with 245 cases related to juvenile data comparison, rural minor Delinquency status quo, because the analysis presented in this basis, measures to prevent juvenile delinquency in rural areas and recommendations are to contain the rural crimes, prevention. Part I: Rural Juvenile delinquency status, including the number of rural Juvenile crime continued to grow, the type of crime to crime, mainly robberies and theft, destruction of electrical equipment upward trend in crime, criminals form gangs Zuoan phenomenon underscored, education generally poor, aged mostly between 16-18 years old, first-time offenders and more children left in rural areas high crime machine, there the use of minors to adult criminal behavior. Part II: Juvenile crime in rural areas cause analysis, including legislative deficiencies, social factors, the negative impact of urbanization on rural minor impact of crime, education, family, minors, its own reasons. Part III: Measures to prevent juvenile delinquency in rural areas and suggestions. Proposed to establish a comprehensive juvenile court, the full implementation of judicial protection; on the "Protection of Minors" and "Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency" form should also be worked out as quickly as possible additional requirements development needs; to further harmonize and improve youth work-study schools aid education, labor education aspects of legislation; draw the United States, "community service order" measures, give full play to the role of the village committee; purify the social environment, strengthening school education, optimizing the family atmosphere; strengthen the legal system propaganda in rural areas, improve rural minor vocational and technical training network, expand channels for the employment of minors in rural areas.

    【关键词】 农村; 未成年人; 犯罪; 预防;
    【Key words】 Countryside; Minor; Crime; Prevention;
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      农村 未成年人 犯罪 预防
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