群体性突发事件,谣言,应对,群体性突发事件中的谣言探讨
群体性突发事件中的谣言探讨
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群体性突发事件中的谣言探讨

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  • 群体性突发事件,谣言,应对,
    正文开始
    当前,我国经济快速发展,社会急剧转型,贫富差距拉大,社会矛盾突出,整个社会结构已发生了巨大的变化,但是政府在新形势下的治理能力尤其是地方政府的执政能力并未与时俱进。社会公平正义未得到充分体现,群众的许多正当诉求无法得到政府积极或正面回应,导致近年来我国群体性突发事件频频发生。任何群体性事件的发生都伴随着大量的谣言,谣言与突发事件相辅相成。谣言是世界上最古老的传媒,它的形成绝非偶然,而是一系列因素综合作用的结果,这些因素包括:当时的信息状态、当地的社会环境和人们的心理基础。谣言常常是一系列深层次不足通过非正常信息途径的畸形反映。谣言作为一种社会现象,在不同的环境下有不同的传播模式和作用机制。在网络时代,突发事件中的谣言往往形成两个阵地,一是现实阵地,直接影响事件的发展;二是网络阵地,扩大事件的关注度。谣言在群体性突发事件中常会带来很大的负面影响,或成为事件的导火线,或为事件的发展推波助澜,或者在事件平息后继续兴风作浪。在群体性突发事件中,因事件参与人数众多,矛盾冲突比较激烈,事件影响巨大,因此突发性事件中谣言的主要****者是政府,政府必须在谣言产生的第一时间公开信息,反击谣言。同时,主流媒体应积极承担社会责任,配合政府辟谣。群众也应树立批判意识和法律意识,加入到抗击谣言的大军中。只有各方面积极配合,加强交流和互动,才能把谣言的破坏力降到最低。本论文在传播学视野下,以****事件和石首事件为蓝本,对谣言的形成、传播、作用机制进行理论观照,研究其发端和传播过程,以及其对群体性突发事件的影响,并提出相关的制约策略,减少谣言给社会带来的负面影响,提高基层政府的执政能力。

    【Abstract】WwW.zIdiR.coM At present, China’s economic development and social transformation is rapid, the gap between rich and poor is widening, social contradictions has push out.The entire social structure has undergone tremendous change, but the Government’s capacity to govern under the new situation is not well, especially the local government’s ability. Social fairness and justice have not been fully reflected.the legitimate aspirations of many people fail to get positive or positive response of the government, leading to massive emergency in china in recent years frequently.Any mass emergencies are accompanied by a lot of rumors, rumors and mass emergencies complement each other. Rumor is the world’s oldest media, its formation is not accidental, but rather the result of a series of factors, these factors include:the state of information at the time, the local social environment and people’s psychological basis. Rumor is often a series of deep-seated problems of information through non-normal reflection of the abnormal pathway.Rumors as a social phenomenon, in different environments have different tran**ission patterns and mechani**s. In the Internet age, rumors of emergencies is often the formation of two positions, one realistic position, directly affect the development of the case; second network position, and expand the event focus. Mass emergencies in groups of rumors bring great negative impact on the central standing committee, or become the detonator of the event, or for the development of the waves, or to stir up trouble in the event died down.Mass emergencies in a group, because the incident involved the large number of people and bring more intense conflict, so the government is the main crack, the government must public information to counter rumors at the first time. Meanwhile, the mainstream media should be actively committed to social responsibility with the government rumor. Should also establish a critical mass awareness and legal awareness to combat rumors. Only actively cooperate in all aspects, strengthen exchanges and interaction in order to minimize the destructive power of rumors.In the dissemination of this paper under the Vision to the Weng’an incident in and the shishou incident modeled the formation of the rumors, spread, the theoretical mechani** of reflection, study and dissemination process of the originator to study the effect of mass emergencies, and related control methods proposed to reduce the negative rumors to the social impact of the government’s ability to improve grass-roots.

    【关键词】 群体性突发事件; 谣言; 应对;
    【Key words】 Mass emergencies; rumors; response;
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