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长三角地区FDI对经济增长影响探讨
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长三角地区FDI对经济增长影响探讨

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  • 长三角地区,外商直接投资,资本形成,技术进步,经济增长,
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    近年来,外商直接投资(FDI)己经成为了国际资本流动的最重要的方式,也成为全球最重要的经济力量之一,对东道国的经济产生了非常重要的影响。目前长江三角洲地区是我国经济发展的中心地带,是全国市场容量最大、投资环境最好的经济区之一。随着世界经济一体化不断加快、新的经济运行环境逐渐形成,充分挖掘吸引外资潜力,成为长江三角洲经济区域吸引FDI,实现经济快速持续发展的重要任务。基于此,本文以长三角地区为考察对象,研究长三角地区FDI对经济增长的影响。从微观层面上讨论,我们分为两个角度:从国内资本效应和技术进步效应浅析浅析FDI对经济增长的作用途径。从FDI的资本形成效应角度浅析浅析表明,FDI与长三角地区国内资本存在互补关系。因此,就FDI增加投资对象国资本水平和资本积累,进而增加投资对象国生产中资本要素投入来说,FDI推动了长三角地区的经济增长。从FDI的技术进步效应角度浅析浅析表明,外商直接投资对长三角地区全要素生产率的影响为正,且长三角地区FDI与全要素生产率存在长期稳定的均衡关系,但是其作用小于研发投入对技术进步的影响。我们还发现人力资本与技术进步相结合共同推动长三角地区经济增长,同时估算出长三角地区技术进步对经济增长的贡献率,结果表明在革新开放初期,长三角地区的经济还处于粗放型模式,近几年开始,我国加大科技投入,重视技术引进和技术创新,希望将粗放型模式转变成集约型模式。从宏观层面上讨论,我们采用长三角地区16个城市的FDI、国内资本和GDP的面板数据,进一步讨论长三角地区FDI对经济增长的直接效应,并对长三角三个区域进行逐一讨论。结果表明,长三角地区FDI和国内资本对经济增长的作用显著。FDI可以显著的推动经济增长,但是系数并不是很大,说明外商直接投资对经济增长所起到的直接作用比较小。国内资本对经济增长的影响大于外商直接投资,说明我国长三角地区的经济增长现阶段主要是依靠国内资本的拉动。FDI对长三角地区经济增长的作用,不仅表现在它对长三角地区经济增长的直接影响上,而且表现在FDI通过影响技术水平及国内自身投资来间接影响长三角地区经济增长。从这个意 义上说,FDI不仅带入的大量资本,而且对长三角地区经济增长有“催化剂”的作用。

    【Abstract】WwW.zIdiR.coM In recent years, foreign direct investment (FDI) has become the most important way of international capital flows, and also one of the most important economic forces in the world, which has a great significance on the host economy.The Yangtze River Delta region are China’s economic development center, which has the largest capacity market and the best investment environment in China. As the world economic integration accelerating, the new economic environment is gradually forming.Fully tap the potential of attracting foreign investment is the important task of attracting FDI and achieving rapid and sustained economic development in the Yangtze River Delta economic zone.Based on this, this article take the Yangtze River Delta region as an example to research the impact of FDI on economic growth.From the micro level, the discussion is divided into two perspectives: domestic capital and technological progress effect analysis the role of FDI on economic growth pathway. Effects of FDI in capital formation show FDI and domestic capital of the Yangtze River Delta region are the complementary relationship. Therefore, with FDI increase of level of capital of investment target country and capital accumulation, leading to an increased investment destination for the production of factor inputs of capital, FDI promotes economic growth in the Yangtze River Delta region. FDI effects of technological progress show the impact of total factor productivity foreign direct investment in the Yangtze River Delta region is positive, and the Yangtze River Delta region’s FDI and total factor productivity is long-term stable equilibrium relationship, but R&D investment is less than the impact on technological advancement. We find that the combination of human capital and technological advancement promotes the Yangtze River Delta economic growth, moreover estimating the contribution of Yangtze River Delta region’s technological advancement to economic growth rates, the results show that in the early of the reform and opening up, the Yangtze River Delta region’s economy is still in the extensive mode. But in recent years, China hopes that economic model transfer from the extensive mode into intensive mode by increasing science and technology, emphasizing on technology transfer and technological innovation.From the macro level, the FDI,domestic capital and the GDP of the panel data of 16 cities in Yangtze River Delta are used into further discussion which the effect of FDI into direct effects on economic growth, and then three regions of the Yangtze River Delta. The results showed that the FDI and domestic capital of Yangtze River Delta has a significant effect on economic growth. FDI can promote economic growth significantly,but the coefficient is not significant, indicating that the effect of FDI into direct effects on economic growth is not great. The influence of domestic capital to economic growth is grearer than foreign direct investment, which indicats that economic growth in Yangtze River Delta region mainly rely on the driven by domestic capital at this stage.The role of FDI in Yangtze River Delta’s economic growth, not only show in its direct impact on economic growth, but also in its indirect impact on Yangtze River Delta’s economic growth by affecting technology and domestic investment. In this sense, FDI brings not only the large capital, but also has“catalyst”role on the Yangtze River Delta’s economic growth.

    【关键词】 长三角地区; 外商直接投资; 资本形成; 技术进步; 经济增长;
    【Key words】 Yangtze River Delta region; Foreign Direct Investment; Capital Formation; Technological Advancement; Economic Growth;
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