出口信用保险,经营管理模式,财务分账经营管理模式,中国出口信用保险公司经营管理模式探讨
中国出口信用保险公司经营管理模式探讨
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中国出口信用保险公司经营管理模式探讨

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    正文开始
    作为推动国际贸易发展的有效手段,出口信用保险有着近百年的历史。随着世界贸易全球化进程的不断加快,出口信用保险也获得了巨大的发展。目前,全球已经有60多个国家有专门的出口信用保险机构,出口信用保险承保金额占全世界贸易总量的10%以上。由于出口信用保险机构只要在一定时期内维持盈亏平衡就不属于出口补贴,这使其逐渐成为了各国政府支持出口,保障外贸企业收汇安全的有效措施和手段。我国传统的出口信用保险具有强烈的政策性色彩,但是随着国际信用保险市场商业化运营趋势日益显著,出口信用保险的经营管理模式也出现多样化发展。我国正处于经济转轨时期,出口信用保险发展史较短,发展也相对落后。首先,本文对国内外的相关研究进行了综述,国外的研究起步较早,而国内学者的研究大多是在借鉴国外学者的思路,深入研究我国的出口信用保险不足。这些研究主要集中在出口信用保险机构经营管理模式、出口信用保险制度的法律不足和出口信用保险的国家风险的评价等方面。其次,本文对国外同业机构发展历程和经验进行了论述。文章对出口信用保险机构模式的产生和发展历程进行了描述,介绍了目前国内外出口信用保险机构两种经典经营管理模式,总结了这些模式的成功经验,发现政商结合、分账经营是一种适合我国国情的经营管理模式。再次,本文分别从业务近况、管理近况和财务近况等方面对中国出口信用保险公司的经营近况进行浅析浅析。最后,论文在中国出口信用保险公司近况浅析浅析的基础上,借鉴国际经营管理模式的成功经验,基于我国特殊的转轨时期特点,顺应出口信用保险业务由国有化、政策性向私有化、商业性转变的趋势,提出了完善中国出口信用保险公司经营管理模式的对策。本研究丰富了转轨国家出口信用保险经营管理模式的研究,拓展了相关理论文献,为我国出口信用保险经营管理模式的发展提供了参考,具有重要的理论价值和现实意 义。

    【Abstract】WwW.zIdiR.coM Export credit insurance, as a means of international trade promotion, has a nearly hundred years of history. As speeding up of the process of the world economy and trade globalization, export credit insurance has also been a tremendous development. At present, more than 60 countries around the world has their specialized export credit insurance agencies, export credit insurance cover the total amount of world trade accounted for more than 10%.If an export credit insurance institutions maintain balance of the profit and loss as long as a certain period of time it shall be considered as export credit insurance, not export subsidies. Based on such provision, export credit insurance has gradually become an effective measure for governments to support the export and protect foreign exchange security.Export credit insurance has a strong political color in our country. However, it is increasingly clear that international credit insurance market trends in commercial operating the original operating mode of export credit insurance have some changes in the recent years. China, now in an economic orbit-changing period, as the short history of export credit insurance, the development of the export credit is relatively backward. First of all, this paper reviews the domestic and overseas related researches. Overseas researches start earlier, and domestic scholars’researches mostly make a thorough study on Chinese export credit insurance problems through using foreign scholars’ideology for reference. Secondly, this paper discusses the development course and experience of overseas trade associations. It depicts the emergence and development of export credit insurance institutions mode, introduces tow current classic management modes of domestic and overseas export credit insurance institutions, and summarizes their successful experience. Thirdly, this paper analyses the operation actuality of Chinese export credit insurance companies from aspects of business status, management status, financial status, etc. respectively. Eventually, drawing lessons from successful experience of international management modes, this paper raises policy suggestions on perfecting Chinese export credit insurance companies’management mode based on the analysis of Chinese export credit insurance companies’status.

    【关键词】 出口信用保险; 经营管理模式; 财务分账经营管理模式;
    【Key words】 Export Credit Insurance; Operation Mode; Operation Mode of Independent Account System;
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