包头市,环保管理体制,环保管理运行机制,垂直管理,包头市环保管理存在的理由及对策探讨
包头市环保管理存在的理由及对策探讨
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包头市环保管理存在的理由及对策探讨

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  • 包头市,环保管理体制,环保管理运行机制,垂直管理,
    正文开始
    加强环境保护工作,革新和完善环保管理体制和运行机制,是贯彻落实科学发展观,推动包头市经济、社会、环境协调发展的重要内容。作为内蒙古自治区最大的工业城市——包头市,正面临着巨大的环境压力,工业产业偏重、资源能源消耗高、污染物排放大、环境保护欠帐多。而且在当前环保工作形势严峻,任务艰巨,情况复杂的情况下,包头市既要加强环保宏观管理和微观管理,又要积极推进环保产业向市场经济转型,同时还要适应国家、自治区日益科学、规范、高效的环保管理要求。为此,包头市加快了环保管理探索和革新的步伐。按照环境保护“统一监管、分工负责”的原则,结合实际,包头市对环保机构和环保职责进行了重新设置和划分。特别是从2005年开始,市辖区实行环保垂直管理,远郊旗县区单独设置环保局,使环保管理工作迈上了新的台阶。但是,当前包头市在环保管理体制和运行机制方面,还存在一些不足。如环保职能分散,统一监管难度大;垂直管理造成市辖区政府环保责任缺位;环保产业的政策引导,支持力度不够;环保监管能力不适应环保管理需求;以及法律、经济环保管理方式亟待加强;环境信息公开不够,公众参与环保管理渠道不畅;社区环保管理的作用发挥不够。面对上述不足,笔者认为包头市应该从环保管理体制和运行机制两个方面进行革新。即探索环保行政部门大部制革新;市辖区实行有限的垂直管理;革新环保产业管理体制;加强环保监管能力“两个体系”建设;环保管理从单一方式,向行政、经济、法律综合方式转变;实行企业信息公开,扩大公众参与机制;积极开展新型社区环保管理。本文试图通过对包头市环保管理体制和运行机制的革新与完善,探索构建一个运行更为高效、有力的环保管理模式,为妥善解决包头市环保管理存在的主要矛盾,协调新形势下经济社会发展和环境保护关系,向与包头市有同样不足的重工业城市在解决环保管理不足方面,提供比较有价值的参考。

    【Abstract】WwW.zIdiR.coM Strengthen environmental protection, reform and improve the environmental management system and operational mechani** to implement the scientific concept of development, the promotion of Baotou City, the economic, social and environmental development of the important content.As the largest industrial city in Inner Mongolia-Baotou City, is facing enormous pressure on the environment, industrial industry, emphasis, resources and high energy consumption, pollutant emissions large debts more than environmental protection. And environmental protection in the current situation is grim, the task is arduous, complicated cases, Baotou City, it is necessary to strengthen macro-management and micro-management of environmental protection, but also actively promote the environmental protection industry transition to a market economy, but also to adapt to the national, autonomous regions and increasingly scientific, standardized and efficient environmental management requirements.To this end, Baotou City, exploration and environmental management to speed up the pace of reform. In accordance with the Environmental Protection "unified supervision, division of labor" principle, combined with practical, Baotou City, and environmental responsibilities of the environmental agency was re-set and divided. Particularly since 2005, municipal districts to implement the green vertical management, suburban counties in the district to set up independent Environmental Protection Agency, to make environmental management work to a new level. However, the current Baotou City in the environmental management system and operational mechani**, there are still some problems. Such as environmental protection functions of the decentralized, unified supervision difficult; vertical management of municipal districts caused by the absence of governmental environmental responsibility; the environmental protection industry policy guidance, support for less; not meet the environmental management capacity of environmental regulatory requirements; and the legal, economic, environmental management should be strengthened; inadequate disclosure of environmental information, public participation in environmental management channels poor; community play the role of environmental management is not enough.Difficulties mentioned above, I believe that environmental management should Baotou system and operational mechani** are two aspects of reform. Most of the exploration of environmental protection administration reform; municipal districts to implement a limited vertical management; reform environmental protection industry management system; strengthening environmental monitoring capacity of the "two systems" building; environmental management from a single approach to the administrative, economic, legal changes in an integrated manner; the implementation of corporate information disclosure, and expand public participation mechani**s; active in the new community environmental management.This paper attempts in the City environmental management system and operation mechani** of reform and improvement, and explore more efficient to build a functioning, effective environmental management, in order to properly resolve the existence of Baotou City, the principal contradiction in environmental management, coordination of economic and social development under the new circumstances and environmental relations, to have the same problem with the Baotou city of heavy industry to address environmental management issues, provide valuable reference for comparison.

    【关键词】 包头市; 环保管理体制; 环保管理运行机制; 垂直管理;
    【Key words】 Baotou City; environmental management systems; environmental management mechani**; vertical management;
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