发物,饮食,忌,动风,外科,文献,中医饮食禁忌中“发物”的文献探讨
中医饮食禁忌中“发物”的文献探讨
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中医饮食禁忌中“发物”的文献探讨

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  • 发物,饮食,忌,动风,外科,文献,
    正文开始
    饮食禁忌是中学独具特色的理论之一,患病期间对于发物的禁忌是其中重要的组成部分。本课题运用中文献学的策略,从记录理、法、方、、验的各类中文献切入,通过对文献资料的收集整理、统计浅析浅析,归纳总结出发物食物及其性质特点、发物的禁忌范围、发物的作用机理等发物的相关信息。全文主要分为五个部分:第一部分,发物的概况。通过浅析浅析,了解发物概念的基本要素和研究方向。第二部分,记载发物文献的研究。对明确记载发物的文献资料做出梳理,掌握其在中古籍中的记载方式和特点。第三部分,对发物食物的研究。按照食物的自然属性归类,属发物的食物共有15类,计74个食物名。通过对发物食物的性味的整理统计发现,发物食物在性味方面,寒热无明显偏性,寒凉、温热和性平的食物频次大体相当;味甘、辛者居多。出现频次较高的食物有:鱼、鸡、羊肉、酒、鹅、椒、面、牛肉、姜等。第四部分,发物与疾病关系的研究。忌食发物的疾病涵盖临床各科,以外科为主。广义的外科疾病除包括现在临床上划分为中外科的疮疡病、皮肤病、颈瘿****病、肛肠病、男性前阴病、躯体痹、痿、瘤等病外,还包括耳鼻喉病、口腔病、眼科疾病、伤科疾病、内脏痈肿,以及妇科、儿科的部分疾病。发物因具有动风发气、助火热毒邪之性,并容易致使机体气血失常而对疾病产生不良影响。第五部分,浅析浅析和讨论。对发物的各方面信息间的关联性作出进一步浅析浅析和讨论。最后为本论文的结语。总结全文,并指出本论文的有待完善之处。总之,作为患病期间的饮食禁忌之一,对于发物的禁忌不仅在民间口耳相传,有着深厚的群众基础,从古至今更是被众多家通过临床实践和理论浅析浅析记录在浩瀚的中籍当中。发物这一饮食禁忌是祖国学不可分割的一部分,对临床疾病的预防、治疗和康复发挥着重要的作用。

    【Abstract】WwW.zIdiR.coM The theory of dietary taboos is one of the unique characteristics in Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM).Fa-wu,referring to the food which can promote evil to produce health problems,is one of the TCM important composition,and is forbidden during the sickness.The subject proposed to use Chinese medical literature,beginning from various Chinese medical literatures,from the aspects of theory,method,prescription,medicine and validation and by means of collection and statistical analysis of literature and document,we can sum up the category of food enhancer and their characteristics;the area to be abstained from;and mechani** of action etc.The thesis consists of five parts:PartⅠ:The general information of Fa-Wu.To comprehend the basic elements and research direction of enhancer concept through analysis.PartⅡ:The study of literature about Fa-Wu.To show the record methods and features in ancient Chinese medical literature about dietary taboos,as well as recent research status of Fa-Wu,by reorganizing the ancient and modern literatures which clearly recorded Fa-WuPartⅢ:Research of Fa-Wu.Summing up by food natural attribute,there are 15 categories of enhancer food,in total 74 kinds.Through statistical analysis of the nature and flavour,for aspect of the "five nature",the Fa-Wu has no obvious characteristics as cold and heat;the appearance frequency of related foods is similar between cold and heat,warm and heat,and neutral in nature.For the "seven flavours",sweet flavour and spicy are most frequently seen.Frequent food includes:fish,chicken,mutton,alcohol,goose,pepper,noodle, beef and ginger etc.PartⅣ:Research of the relationship between Fa-Wu and diseases.Many diseases of promoted by Fa-Wu,most of them are external diseases.Generally speaking,external diseases include pyocutaneous disease,skin diseases,wart diseases,Coloproctological diseases, paralysis,atrophy,cancer etc as the category of TCM external diseases,and ENT(ear,nose, throat) such as oral disorder,Ophthalmic Diseases,Diseases of Orthopedic and Traumatological diseases,swelling of organs,and some diseases of gynaecology and paediatrics.The Fa-Wu has character of promoting wind and provoking qi,thus easy to cause disorder of QI-blood which has side effects against disease.PartⅤ:Analysis and discussion.Further relevant analysis and discussion on the characteristics of Fa-Wu from different aspects.The last is the conclusion.Summary of the whole thesis and the possibility for future improvement and extension.Generally speaking,as for dietary taboos during sickness,it is common to spread by word of mouth among the folk about the Fa-Wu taboos.Not only having a firm people foundation,it is also been recorded in voluminousness Chinese medicine literatures by clinical practice and theoretical analysis.Fa-Wu taboo is one of the integrity in our national medical science,and it plays a great role in precaution,therapy and recovery of clinical diseases.

    【关键词】 发物; 饮食; 忌; 动风; 外科; 文献;
    【Key words】 Enhancer; Dietary; Taboo; stirring wind; surgery; literature;
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