片面共犯,理论基础,成立范围,刑事责任,片面共犯成立的理谈探析
片面共犯成立的理谈探析
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片面共犯成立的理谈探析

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  • 片面共犯,理论基础,成立范围,刑事责任,
    正文开始
    片面共犯作为一种社会现象是客观存在的。由于刑法学者的基本立场和共犯观念不同,对片面共犯的性质认识也分歧较大,主要有否定说和肯定说两种学说之争。本文通过对国内外刑法理论界对片面共犯研究的浅析浅析,从哲学的角度和犯罪构成的理论角度出发,肯定片面共犯是共同犯罪的一种特殊形态,突破传统刑法理论对共同犯罪故意只能是双向意思联络的理解,认为单向意思联络也是共同犯罪故意的一种;并主张片面共犯的成立范围应有所扩大,理当包括片面实行犯、片面教唆犯及片面帮助犯。确立片面共犯在我国刑法中的理论地位,完善片面共犯的刑事立法,补充、完善共同犯罪理论,以期能及时有效地打击犯罪分子,合理合法地追究犯罪分子的刑事责任。本文分为五个部分:第一部分对刑法理论界存在的片面共犯性质的争议进行了简单的介绍,包括持否定说学者的观点和持肯定说学者的观点。通过对否定说几种观点的述评,肯定片面共犯是共同犯罪的特殊形态。并考察了外国刑事立法中对片面共犯的相关规定,包括大陆法系国家德国、日本和英美法系国家英国、美国。第二部分探讨了片面共犯成立的理论基础。通过对马克思主义哲学中联系的性质浅析浅析,认为单向意思联络也是共同故意的一种形式;主要通过对片面共犯犯罪构成的理论浅析浅析,确定片面共犯的成立有其刑法理论基础。第三部分确定片面共犯存在的范围,包括片面实行犯、片面教唆犯和片面帮助犯,片面组织犯因为组织犯的特点制约而不可能存在。并对此观点进行了理论论证。第四部分通过对片面共犯与间接正犯、片面共犯与同时正犯等相关概念的比较,明确了它们之间的界限,对它们的区别进行了详细的论述,便于实践中的具体运用。第五部分总结了我国刑法分则及一些司法解释中暗含的片面共犯的规定,倡议修改刑事立法,将片面共犯作为一种共同犯罪的特殊形态规定到刑法条文中,并按照相应的责任分担原则,确定其刑罚处罚。

    【Abstract】WwW.zIdiR.coM The one-sided accomplice is an objective fact in the society. There are disagreements about the nature of the one-sided accomplice due to criminal law experts’ different standpoints and accomplice concepts, namely, disagreements between negative and affirmative opinions. The thesis will first have a thorough analysis of studies about the one-sided accomplice both in China and abroad. The thesis affirms that the one-sided accomplice is a special form of joint offence from the perspectives of philosophy and constitution of a crime. In the thesis, we break through criminal law’s traditional understanding that intentional joint offence can only be a two-way contact, and think that a one-way contact is also a type of intentional joint offence. In addition, we advocate that the establishing scope of the one-sided accomplice should be broadened to include one-sided perpetrators, one-sided instigators and one-sided abettors. We will try to help establish the theoretical status of the one-sided accomplice in China’s criminal law, perfect the legislation of the one-sided accomplice, and supplement the joint offence theory in the hope of an effective blow and a lawful inquisition to criminals.There are five parts in the thesis:Chapter 1 is a brief introduction of disputes over the nature of the one-sided accomplice, including the negative and affirmative opinions now available. We affirm that the one-sided accomplice is a special form of joint offence through comments on the negative opinions. Besides, we will study relevant regulations about the one-sided accomplice in foreign countries, including Continental Legal System countries like Germany and Japan and Britain and American Legal System countries like Britain and America.Chapter 2 is an exploration of the theoretical basis for the one-sided accomplice. In this chapter, we think that one-way contact is also a form of "mutual intent" through the analysis of "contact" in Marxist philosophy and we establish theoretical basis of criminal law for the one-sided accomplice through the theoretical analysis of its constitution. Chapter 3 is the establishment of the existing scope of the one-sided accomplice. We think the one-sided accomplice includes one-sided perpetrators, one-sided instigators and one-sided abettors, while one-sided organizing criminals are not likely to exist due to their own characteristics. In addition, we make a theoretical verification of the above opinions.Chapter 4 is about some comparisons. In this chapter, we make comparisons of the one-sided accomplice and the indirect principal accomplice, the one-sided accomplice and the joint principal accomplice to establish their bounds. In addition, we make a detailed analysis of their differences to put them into practice.Chapter 5 is a conclusion. In this chapter, we summarize regulations on the one-sided accomplice implied in China’s criminal law and judicial interpretations. Accordingly, we suggest that legislation be amended, the one-sided accomplice be an entry into the criminal law as a special form having corresponding responsibilities and punishment.

    【关键词】 片面共犯; 理论基础; 成立范围; 刑事责任;
    【Key words】 the one-sided accomplice; theoretical basis,; establishing scope; criminal responsibility;
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