生态思想,马克思生态哲学,科学发展观,可持续发展,基于生态维度的科学发展观探讨
基于生态维度的科学发展观探讨
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基于生态维度的科学发展观探讨

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  • 生态思想,马克思生态哲学,科学发展观,可持续发展,
    正文开始
    党的十六届三中全会提出以人为本的科学发展观,是同马克思列宁主义、毛****思想、邓小平理论和“三个代表”重要思想既是一脉相承又与时俱进的科学理论。科学发展观蕴含着深刻的生态内涵,为我们正确认识人与自然的关系指明了方向,使我国成功走出一条人与自然和谐发展的道路。本文由四个部分构成:第一部分:人类面临生态困境和摆脱困境的途径。这部分先描述现实社会生态失衡的现象,旨在说明人类正面临生态困境。然后从三个方面浅析浅析产生生态不足的理由:人类对自然规律认识不足;市场机制的缺陷;自然科学研究策略的误用;最后指出马克思恩格斯生态思想为我们摆脱生态困境指明了方向。第二部分:科学发展观生态思想的渊源。这部分先指出马克思、恩格斯的生态思想是科学发展观生态内涵的源头,然后浅析浅析了这一思想的内涵和特点。内涵是:人与自然的辩证关系是和谐共生;劳动是人与自然关系的****;人与自然的关系和人与人的关系的相互制约性;私有制是人与自然和人与人关系不和谐的根本理由;共产主义才能实现人与自然和人与人关系的和谐;特点是:前瞻性,实践性,整体性。第三部分:科学发展观生态意蕴。这部分先从科学发展观形成的历史背景出发,再说明科学发展观生态价值与马克思恩格斯生态思想的关系:马克思、恩格斯生态思想是科学发展观生态内涵的理论基础,科学发展观的生态价值是马克思恩格斯生态思想中国化的最新成果。最后着重阐述科学发展观的生态内涵:以人为本的科学发展观摆正了人在自然中的位置;全面协调的科学发展观协调了物的生产和人与自然的关系;可持续的科学发展观关注了人的行为的长远影响。第四部分:实现科学发展观生态价值的现实路径。这部分从下面六个方面论述实现科学发展观生态价值的现实路径:转变经济发展方式,实现人与自然关系的和谐;统筹兼顾,实现人口、资源、环境的协调发展;合理利用科学技术,实现科学技术的生态转向;加强素质教育,提高公民的生态意识;健全法律制度,巩固生态文明成果;增进国际交流合作,共创世界生态文明。

    【Abstract】WwW.zIdiR.coM The human-oriented scientific development theory which was put forward in the Third Plenary Session of the 16th Central Committee of the Party, is the scientific theory both be a true disciple of and advance with time with Marxi**-Lenini**, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and important thought of“three represents”theory. The ideas of scientific development contains profound ecological connotation, which points out correct direction for us to understand the relationship between man and nature and make China walk out a road of the harmonious development between human and nature.The thesis includes tree parts:Part one: Human beings are facing the ecological predicament and approaches of getting rid of it. This part describes firstly some phenomena, the purpose are showing that human beings faces to the ecological predicament. Then analyzed causes from three aspects: The human beings’recognitions is short to natural laws; defect of social system; misuse of natural science research methods; Last, we points Ecological ideas of Marxi** is right direction.Part two: This part firstly points out Marx and Engel’s the ecological ideas is the source of ecological connotation of the scientific development ideas, and then analyzes the connotation and the characteristic of the ideas. The connotation is the dialectical relationship between man and nature is harmonious coexistence, the medium between man and nature is labor, the relationship between man and nature and the relationship between men is mutual restrictive, Private system is the fundamental reasons of disharmonious relationship between human and nature and men. Communi** just can realize the harmonious relationship between man and nature and men. The characteristic is prospective, practical, integral.Part three: the ecological connotation of the ideas of scientific development. The part starts from the history background of the ideas of scientific development, then explains relationships between ecological value of ideas of scientific development and ecological ideas of Marx and Engels: Marx, Engels ecological ideology is theoretical foundation of ecological connotation of the ideas of scientific development, the ecological value of the ideas of scientific development is the latest achievements of Sinicization of Marxist ecological ideas. Finally expounded emphatically ecological meaning of the ideas of scientific development: people-oriented the ideas of scientific development put men in right place in the nature; comprehensive and concerted the ideas of scientific development coordinated both production of things and reproduction of men. Sustainable the ideas of scientific development of the person concerned long-term effects of human behavior.Part four: the actual path to ecological value of the ideas of scientific development. This part treats the path to realize ecological value of the ideas of scientific development from the following six aspects: Transforming the mode of economic development to realize the harmonious relationship between man and nature; overall consideration to realize harmonious development between population, resources and environment; Reasonably to use science and technology realize ecological aim of them; To strengthen quality education, improve the ecological consciousness of citizens; To perfect the legal system, consolidate the ecological civilization; To promote international exchanges and cooperation, co-create ecological civilization in the world.

    【关键词】 生态思想; 马克思生态哲学; 科学发展观; 可持续发展;
    【Key words】 ecological ideas; Marx; The ideas of scientific development; Sustainable development;
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