梁漱溟,文化观,文化三路向说,东西方文化,乡村建设,梁漱溟文化观探究
梁漱溟文化观探究
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梁漱溟文化观探究

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  • 梁漱溟,文化观,文化三路向说,东西方文化,乡村建设,
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    梁漱溟的文化观主要有东西文化观理论、中国社会文化结构理论、乡村建设理论三部分。本文试图从以下两方面对他的文化观做整体的梳理。首先,关于梁漱溟这三部分理论的内在联系。东西文化观是梁漱溟思想的基础,其中一些基本观点一以贯之地体现在他后来对中国社会不足与结构的研究中,且是研究的出发点和依据;他的中国社会结构理论既是对中国文化和历史的浅析浅析,同时蕴涵着他对中国未来社会的理想构想;乡村建设理论则是这一构想的体现。对这四个方面尤其是在前三个方面,隐含了他对中国社会改造之路以及中国未来之理想社会构想,而乡村建设理论和实践是他的理想社会之设计的展开。其次,梁漱溟研究中国文化的切入点与策略。梁漱溟始终从文化的本体论意 义和文化在历史中的显现这两个层面来研究中西文化与社会。一方面,在本体的意 义上,梁漱溟始终是个道德理想主义者,他的道德理想主义既体现在他一生的经历中,亦反映在他的学术活动和他对中国社会未来之理想构想中。另一方面,作为一个学者,梁漱溟的目光睿智而敏锐,他对中国不足的关键所在,对中西文化差异、“来路”及各自所长所短之浅析浅析,都是极其深刻独到的,但是他对中国不足的解决方面,常常由于他的道德理想主义而模糊了文化的本体与历史中的文化之区别。但是,无论如何,梁漱溟的社会结构思想在今天对我们研究中国社会不足还是极具启迪作用的。通过研究梁漱溟文化观总结出三点研究意 义:首先,梁漱溟文化思想的独到之处,不仅在于他开创了文化比较哲学的先河,建立了以“文化三路向”说为理论基石的文化比较模式,而且还在于他对“中国向何处去”这个时代重大主题的深切关注,以及对于人类未来前途和命运的深思。因此研究梁漱溟文化观在许多人对民族能否存活缺乏信心时,在儒家****价值中寻找一种感情上的满足,而且为道德颓废、感情疏离所搅乱的当代社会寻求精神上的寄托。其次,在几十年东西文化比较研究的辛勤探索中,梁漱溟不照搬外国文化的现代模式,坚持认为中国文化的发展应有自己独特的道路等思想,对我们建设具有中国特色的社会主义现代文化有着深刻的启迪意 义。第三,在传统文化与西方文化的冲突面前,梁漱溟高扬中国儒家文化旗帜,主张以传统儒学为根本,吸收西方文化已取得的科学与****等优秀成果,实现中西文化的融会贯通,以达到传统文化开新的目的等思想,对于弘扬中华民族优秀传统文化精神,具有重要传承意 义。鉴于本人哲学造诣浅薄,不免有主观臆断之处,希望得到老师同学们的指正。

    【Abstract】WwW.zIdiR.coM This dissertation is under the direction of Prof. Mao Yipeng and the title of the dissertation is created by myself according to the tutor’s modern philosophy research background and my own interesting. The cultural viewpoint of Liang Shuming can be divided into three parts: Eastern and Western Culture Theory, Chinese Social Cultural Structure Theory and Country Construction Theory. This paper tries to make a whole illustration about his cultural viewpoint from the two aspects which are mentioned below.Three Parts of Liang Shuming’s Cultural Viewpoint. The Eastern and Western Culture Theory, which is expressed at all his researches on Chinese social problems and structure, is the basis of his thought and the theoretical support of this paper. Liang’s Chinese social structure theory is not only the analysis of Chinese culture and history, but also obtains his imagination on the Chinese future society. And the Country Construction Theory reflects this.The three parts implicate his imagination on the reform of Chinese society and the future construction. Meawhile, the theory and practice of country construction are the actulizations of his imagine society.Liang Shuming’s Breakthrough Point and Methods of Chinese Culture Research. Liang Shuming always researched Chinese and western culture and society from two perspectives: the meaning of cultural ontology and the cultural reflection in history. On one side, from the ontological perspective, Liang Shuming is a moral idealist. This is reflected in his life experiences, academic activies and imagination on the construction of Chinese future society. On the other side, as a scholar, Liang Shuming is sagacious. His analyses on the key point of Chinese problems, the comparation of Chinese and western culture and society are profundable and original. But, because of his moral ideali**, his solutions mess the differences between ontology of culture and culture in history. However, at all events, Liang Shuming’s societal structure thought enlightens today’s research on Chinese societal problems.This paper concludes three points after researching Liang Shuming’s cultural viewpoint. First, Liang’s thoughts are great and original not only because he created the culture comparation philosophy and culture comparation model based on“Three Ways of Culture”theory, but also his closed focus on the important theme--“Where China should go”and consideration about human’s future. So making a research on Liang Shuming’s cultural viewpoint can let the public find a feeling satisfaction from confucian ethic, and can add an inner sustenance to the demoralized contemporary society and the modern human who become more and more distant in emotional communication. Second, through the laborious study on the comparation of eastern and western culture for decades, Liang Shuming did not copy the modern models of foreign culture, and insisted that Chinese culture should develop its own way. All of these are meaningful for the construction of modern culture of Chinese-style Sociali**. Third, facing the conflict of traditional and western culture, Liang Shuming took the path of confuciani**, insisted confucian ethic as the basis, absorbed the excellent scienfic and democatic achievements made by western culture in order to gain a thorough understanding of them and make a new path of traditional culture. On the whole, Liang Shuming’s achievements are significantly to enrich and inherit the great Chinese traditional culture.Whereas my accomplishments on philosophy are not enough, unavoidably, some parts of this paper are subjective assume. I hope that my dear teachers and friends point out mistakes so that they can be corrected.

    【关键词】 梁漱溟; 文化观; 文化三路向说; 东西方文化; 乡村建设;
    【Key words】 Liang Shuming; Culture; Three Ways of Culture; Eastern and Western Culture; Country Construction;
      http://www.zidir.com/html/zzlw/mzzy/455008.html
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