《宠儿》,魔幻现实主义,黑人经历,虚构中的真实,真实的黑人经历:解读《宠儿》中的魔幻现实主义叙事
真实的黑人经历:解读《宠儿》中的魔幻现实主义叙事
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真实的黑人经历:解读《宠儿》中的魔幻现实主义叙事

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  • 《宠儿》,魔幻现实主义,黑人经历,虚构中的真实,
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    1993年诺贝尔文学奖得主托妮·莫里森是当代文坛杰出的黑人女作家。凭借诗化的语言,奇妙的神话传说以及不落俗套的叙述结构,莫里森在她的小说里始终以探索美国黑人的民族历史和精神追求为主题,凸现了种族压迫对黑人造成的心灵创伤,反映了美国黑人在白人文化价值统治的社会中寻求身份的困难。她的小说《宠儿》被誉为魔幻现实主义的杰作。作品讲述了两岁时被母亲塞丝亲手杀死的宠儿,十八年后变成一位有着丰满的血肉之躯的姑娘重返人间索取母爱的故事。它运用魔幻现实主义技巧,模糊了历史与现实,真实与虚幻的界限,再现出奴隶制对黑奴们肉体和精神上的摧残,探索了美国黑人的复杂性、恐惧和生活中的爱。该论文借助魔幻现实主义、神话原型批评以及新历史主义的相关理论,以小说中表现出的魔幻现实主义技巧和神话原型叙事为浅析浅析重点,追溯黑人历史,重述事实真相,追踪小说中主人公追求心灵重构的精神之旅,探索美国黑人的未来之路。该论文正文分为三章。第一章介绍魔幻现实主义的起源发展及其艺术特点,并浅析浅析《宠儿》的魔幻现实主义色彩。这一特点主要体现在对宠儿鬼魂形象的运用以及对塞丝创伤心理的描写。第二章详细探讨《宠儿》中折射出的真实的黑人经历,揭示奴隶制给黑人造成的身心戕害。黑人奴隶在重获自由之后,仍然被噩梦般的过去困扰,但他们通过互相帮助和关爱,努力挣扎,重塑自我。第三章集中浅析浅析《宠儿》的神话叙事所体现的重要现实批评意 义。《宠儿》中的黑人经历与圣经《出埃及记》中以色列民族摆脱历史苦难的历程具有内在相似性。同时小说充满着丰厚的非洲神话元素,具有鲜明的黑人民族性。可以看出,莫里森正是通过神话的历史叙事来记述黑人经历的真相,并预言他们只有正视过去,才能走出历史的魅影,实现心灵重构,奔向幸福的沃土

    【Abstract】WwW.zIdiR.coM Toni Morrison, winner of Nobel Prize for literature in 1993, is an outstanding Afro-American woman novelist. With poetic language, ingenious use of myth and unconventional narrative structures, Morrison mainly explores the national history and spiritual pursuit of Afro-Americans to express their psychological trauma caused by racial oppression and to reflect the difficulties they face in trying to achieve a sense of identity in a society dominated by white cultural values.Her novel Beloved is often regarded as her representative work of magical reali**. The work tells the return of a dead baby’s spirit in the flesh and blood of a 20 years old woman to demand maternal love. By employing magical realistic techniques that break the boundary between fact and fabrication, Morrison reveals slavery’s effect on the Afro-Americans’psyches and develops deep into their ambivalence, fearfulness and love in life.This thesis focuses on the magical realistic techniques and mythical narrative in the novel. It also tracks the Afro-Americans’ spiritual pilgrimage to psychological reconstruction by transcending the black history. Relevant theories of magical reali**, new historical critici**, and myth and archetypal critici** serve as the principal theoretical frameworks. The thesis falls into three chapters.Chapter one provides a guide to the transition and development of magical reali** as well as its artistic characteristics. It also analyses the magical reali** in Beloved, which is mainly reflected in the application of the ghost image and the description of Sethe’s traumatic psychology. Chapter two explores the nightmarish black experience reflected in the novel and attempts to disclose the physical and psychological trauma caused by slavery. The slave characters are still traumatized by their nightmarish memories many years after their escapes from slavery. However, they are struggling hard to achieve self-reconstruction through mutual help and love.Chapter three focuses on the myth and archetypal narrative in Beloved and its historical significance. The black experience has some affinities with the story of Israel’s struggle for freedom in the myth of Exodus. Also, as a black woman writer, Morrison has rooted her novel in the soil of African black myth, showing distinctive characteristics of black culture. In conclusion, by employing magical reali** and mythical fabrication, Morrison retells the truth of black experience and foretells that only by confronting their past can the black people walk out of the shadows of slavery, reconstruct their psychology and expect a better future.

    【关键词】 《宠儿》; 魔幻现实主义; 黑人经历; 虚构中的真实;
    【Key words】 Beloved; magical reali**; black experience; fact in fabrication;
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