民事纠纷解决,诉之利益,诉讼价值,当事人诉讼模式,谈民事诉讼中诉之利益
谈民事诉讼中诉之利益
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谈民事诉讼中诉之利益

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    诉之利益起源于大陆法系国家民事诉讼理论。19世纪以来,随着资本主义体系的逐步成熟,各国经济进入了高速增长时期。经济领域的交往日趋频繁的同时,民事主体之间的纠纷数量也呈现出递增的态势,有限的司法资源难以应对突如其来的大量案件。为了既能保障当事人诉讼权利又能维持司法资源的合理利用,诉之利益制度便应运而生。然而,面对当今社会经济发生的巨大变革,现代民事诉讼理论赋予了诉之利益创设新实体权利的功能,来弥补由于法律规范的有限性而造成的当事人权利无法得到法律保障的缺陷。正是基于诉之利益的以上两种功能,结合我国民事诉讼的现实状况,本文提出针对目前我国民事诉讼领域同时面临着法院司法资源缺乏与实体法律不适应现实纠纷解决两种困境,引入诉之利益是解决不足的有效途径。另外,从民事诉讼模式的角度来看,诉之利益的建立也无疑于对我国由职权主义诉讼模式向当事人主义诉讼模式的转换起到积极的推动作用。除引言和结语外分为三个部分,共三万余字,主要内容分述如下:第一部分是诉之利益的概述。该部分介绍了诉之利益的产生、内涵、性质、功能以及实质。通过对诉之利益两种内涵的浅析浅析,揭示了诉之利益所包含的双重功能,即纠纷进入诉讼的“度量衡”和弥补实体权利漏洞、创设新的民事权利,进而对诉之利益的实质进行探讨,认为诉之利益应当从当事人与法院两个方面进行认识。第二部分是对我国民事诉讼存在的不足进行了深入剖析,论述了诉之利益对当事人主义诉讼模式建立的推动作用。在案件受理过程中贯彻当事人“处分原则”、法院受理民事诉讼的范围、民事诉讼目的形成以及诉讼主体权利保障方面,诉之利益都会产生积极的作用。第三部分是诉之利益的评价标准。当建立诉之利益制度后,对于具体案件中诉之利益应当如何判断必须有可行的依据。诉之利益必须以诉讼的价值作为最终落脚点,没有价值的诉讼当然也就不可能提及利益的不足。通过对哲学范畴中价值的主体与客体以及两者相互之间的作用浅析浅析后得出,主体利益的获得是价值实现的根本要求。那么,诉讼主体的利益获得也同样是诉讼价值实现的根基。更为重要的是,在当事人与法院两个主体的利益比较中,由于当事人对法院审理程序的主导地位,因此实现诉讼价值的实现就必须使当事人的利益获得满足。可见,当事人的利益是首要考虑的因素。对于当事人利益的评价,应当基于原理性的利益与社会大众的认同的利益两个标准,也就是既要遵循法律的规定又要从社会需要的实际角度出发,对案件的诉之利益进行综合的评价。笔者认为,与其将民事诉讼革新的突破口放在处理诉讼与其他社会领域关系上,不如增强对民事诉讼体系内制度本身的关注,通过挖掘制度自身存在的潜力来完善诉讼体系。诉之利益制度的建立,就是从诉讼体系内部入手,为寻求民事诉讼革新的途径所进行的一种尝试。

    【Abstract】WwW.zIdiR.coM Interest of litigation originated from the theory of civil action in continental law system. Since the 19th century, with the gradual maturity of the capitalist system, the economies in various countries have entered a period of rapid growth. With the increasing economic contacts, disputes between civil subjects show an increasing trend and it is impossible for limited judicial resources to deal with the sudden and substantial cases. In order to protect the litigation rights of parties while maintaining the rational use of judicial resources, interest of litigation system emerged as required. However, in the face of today’s tremendous social and economic change, the theory of modern civil action give interest of litigation the new feature to create substantive rights, so as to make up the defect that the rights of the parties cannot be protected by laws because of the limited nature of legal norms. Based on above two functions of interest of litigation and combined with the reality of China’s civil action, this thesis presents that the introduction of interest of litigation is an effective way to solve these problems in China’s current civil action, which is faced with a lack of judicial resources in Court and entity law not meeting the resolution of real disputes. In addition, in terms of the model of civil action, there is also no doubt that the establishment of interest of litigation system will play a positive role in promoting the China’s conversion from the authority litigant mode to the party litigant mode.The main contents of this thesis are as follows:Part I: the summary of interest of litigation in civil action. In this part, the appearance, content, nature, function and essence of interest of litigation are introduced. Based on the analysis of two meanings of interest of litigation, the dual functions contained in interest of litigation are revealed, namely, the "weights and measures" of dispute for litigation and the creation of new civil rights for making up the vulnerability of substantive rights. In turn, the essence of interest of litigation is explored and reveals that the interest of litigation should be recognized from both aspects of the parties and the Court.Part II: the existing problems in China’s civil action are analyzed and the role of interest of litigation in promoting the establishment of party doctrine litigant mode is discussed. In the process of case acceptance, the interest of litigation will have a positive effect on the implementation of "disposition principle" of parties, the scope of civil action accepted by Court, the formation of civil action’ purpose as well as the protection of the rights of subject of action.Part III: the evaluation criteria for interest of litigation in civil action. After the establishment of interest of litigation system, there must be a viable basis for determining the interest of litigation in specific case. Interest of litigation must be based on the value of litigation, as the litigation without value will be impossible to mention the issue about interest. Through the analysis of the values of both subject and object in the area of philosophy and their actions with each other, it is concluded that the acquiring of subject interest is the fundamental requirement to achieve value. In that case, the acquiring of interest of litigation subject is also the foundation of achieving the value of litigation. More importantly, in the comparison of subject interests between the parties and the Court, the achievement of the value of litigation should satisfy the interests of the parties, because of the dominant position of the parties to the Court. It can be seen that the interests of the parties are the primary considerations. Evaluation of interests for the parties should be based on two standards of the principle interests and the interests recognized by public. In other words, it is necessary to conduct general evaluation for interest of litigation in case from the point of view of following the law and the actual needs of the community.The author thinks that rather than putting breakthrough of the reform of the civil action on the treatment of litigation and other social relations, it is better to strengthen the concerns about civil action system itself, improve the litigation system and excavate the potential of the system itself. The establishment of interest of litigation system is an attempt to find way of reforming civil action from the internal litigation system.

    【关键词】 民事纠纷解决; 诉之利益; 诉讼价值; 当事人诉讼模式;
    【Key words】 Resolution of civil dispute; Interest of litigation; Value of litigation; Party litigant mode;
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