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外交部发言人话语的语言逻辑浅析

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  • 外交,话语,论证,问题,会话含义,言语行为,
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    有人将外交部新闻发布会比喻为一个“布满地雷的战区”,这是因为发言人面对的是一个智商很高,经常是哪壶不开提哪壶的中外记者群体;此外,每次新闻发布会结束约一个小时后,外交部新闻发言人所说的话就会在全世界传播。不管他说了什么,世界各地都会把他看成是中国政府的官方立场,逐字逐句地加以浅析浅析解读。这使得发言人不能不“战战兢兢,如履薄冰”。因而,外交部发言人在新闻发布会上不仅要快速反应不足背后所潜在的意图,且在回答上必须讲究对策。本文拟对中国外交部新闻发言人的话语进行语言逻辑层面的浅析浅析研究。笔者简要概括以往外交部发言人话语研究。通过考察外交部发言人语言对策以及语用规则等方面可以得出,目前从普通逻辑和语言逻辑角度来浅析浅析像外交部发言人话语这类的政治话语的研究明显不足。本文以我国外交部发言人的例行记者会的语料为研究对象,谈谈其在论证逻辑、不足逻辑、会话含义和言语行为等方面的语言体现,凸显其语言智慧所在。从论证逻辑出发,通过界定论证与论证的建构过程,搭建外交部发言人话语的论证组织形式。浅析浅析表明,外交部发言人话语的论证类型并不复杂,但组织形式纷繁多样。研究表明,论证组织形式的多样化恰恰有利论证了发言人的话语。此外,笔者还讨论外交部发言人面对不足时的深思与反应。浅析浅析不足的类型,通过评价不****身来浅析浅析不足潜在的意图,旨在站在发言人角度上研究不足的多样性。在前几章浅析浅析的基础上,分别从会话含义与言语行为理论方面探讨了外交部发言人的话语,在言语交际的逻辑浅析浅析中,语境与预设、会话含义、间接言语行为理论可以从不同角度和方面对外交部发言人话语的会话含义进行浅析浅析。此外,宏观的文化语境与政治环境形成我国外交部发言人话语在论证过程中的话语框架。研究表明外交部发言人话语的选择并非为所谓的“空话”“套话”,而是由深层意图使然。最后总结了本文研究的特点,提出笔者对我国外交部发言人的话语在例行记者会中的启迪,并诚恳浅析浅析研究不足之处。

    【Abstract】WwW.zIdiR.coM Someone will foreign ministry press conferences compared to a "mined war zones", This is because spoke**an to face is a highly intelligent creatures, which is often not open mention which pot kettle Chinese and foreign reporters groups; In addition, every news conference ended after about an hour, foreign ministry spoke**an said will spread around the world. No matter what he said, the world will see him as the Chinese governments official position, to analyze word for word interpretation. This makes spoke**an cannot "trembled, and skating on thin ice". Therefore, foreign ministry spoke**an in the press conference should not only in the limited time rapid response problem behind potential intention, but also with the answers must pay attention to the strategy. This paper on Chinas foreign ministry spoke**an language research. Full text is divided into six chapters:The first chapter of origin from the foreign ministry spoke**an system, based on previous foreign ministry spoke**an discourse briefly summarized. From the foreign ministry spoke**an language strategy to pragmatic rules, language rhetoric can be concluded that the current language logic from normal logic and perspective of words such as foreign ministry spoke**an of the research obviously deficiencies of political discourse. This article is from that point to Chinas foreign ministry spoke**an year of regular press conference expected as the research target, from argument logic, problems logic, conversational implicature and speech ACTS, to explore I start the internal structure of words ministry spoke**an, highlights its language wisdom lies.The second chapter from argument logic and argumentation theory, by definition the demonstration and construction process to argue, build a foreign ministry spoke**an discourse argument organizational form..Analysis shows that, foreign ministry spoke**an discourse argument is not complex, can according to the type of purpose is divided into proof and argue, and organizational form vary widely. Research shows that argument organization form on the favorable demonstrates spoke**an discourse.Chapter 3 foreign ministry spoke**an face problems with thinking of reaction. Critical questions strategy began, the type of problem analysis, by evaluating potential problem itself to analyze problems, aiming to stand in the intention of perspective, a spoke**an for diversity.Fourth, the fifth chapter from conversational implicature respectively with speech act theory discussed foreign ministry spoke**an words in verbal communication behavior purpose, the logical analysis, context and presupposition, grice and new grice theory, indirect speech act theory and modal particles from different angles and aspects can be for foreign ministry spoke**an discourse analysis of conversational implicature. In addition, the macroscopic level of cultural context and the political environment in Chinas foreign ministry spoke**an words formed the reasoning process from "countries, discourse framework" and the "family" reflected the concept of the foundations of the discourse, a spoke**an for metaphor. Research shows that foreign ministry spoke**an discourse choice is not for a so-called "talk" "polite", but by deep intention.The sixth chapter is summarized. Conclusion part summarizes the characteristics of this study in China, and puts forward the authors foreign ministry spoke**an, the enlightenment in regular press conference discourse analysis and research, and sincere deficiencies.

    【关键词】 外交; 话语; 论证; 不足; 会话含义; 言语行为;
    【Key words】 diplomacy discourse; argument; question; Conversational implicature; Speech act;
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