杰克·凯鲁亚克,垮掉的一代,《在路上》,《孤独天使》,《达摩流浪者》,忏悔,救赎,谈杰克·凯鲁亚克小说中的忏悔意识与自赎之路
谈杰克·凯鲁亚克小说中的忏悔意识与自赎之路
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谈杰克·凯鲁亚克小说中的忏悔意识与自赎之路

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  • 杰克·凯鲁亚克,垮掉的一代,《在路上》,《孤独天使》,《达摩流浪者》,忏悔,救赎,
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    杰克·凯鲁亚克是二十世纪五六十年代“垮掉的一代”文学运动的代表人物,在美国文坛乃至整个世界文坛都有重要地位。本文将对凯鲁亚克小说创作的思想内涵进行研究,以文本细读为基础,以凯鲁亚克小说中目前已经翻译到国内的三部小说《在路上》、《达摩流浪者》、《孤独天使》为研究对象,运用福柯忏悔话语、精神浅析浅析相关理论对杰克·凯鲁亚克小说中的忏悔主题进行解读,较为细致地浅析浅析其小说中传达出来的忏悔意识及其救赎方式,从而深入挖掘作品的丰富内涵。绪论部分简单介绍杰克·凯鲁亚克与“垮掉的一代”的关系,凯鲁亚克主要的文学作品及其作品的国内外研究近况,得出本论文的选题意 义,最后对“忏悔意识”做出界定。论文主体部分分为三章:第一章,从个人和社会层面具体浅析浅析了凯鲁亚克小说中隐含的忏悔意识。个人层面,个人对于人生梦想、情感、生活态度的自我坦白和剖析。社会层面,从金钱世界的腐朽、社会政治杀戮的本质、现代科技对人性的异化,文化的荒原几个方面,对社会整体的“恶”进行批判与揭露。第二章,从个人因素和文化因素探究凯鲁亚克小说中忏悔意识形成的理由,结合西方文学史上的四种忏悔模式,奥古斯丁式的忏悔模式、卢梭式的忏悔模式、托尔斯泰式的忏悔模式、陀思妥耶夫斯基式的忏悔模式及其忏悔模式的流变,结合凯鲁亚克本人、凯鲁亚克作品的风格总结出具有凯鲁亚克式忏悔特点。第三章,主要是讲凯鲁亚克作品中的人物从忏悔开始自赎方式的选择及其无法得到救赎的理由。谁能拯救他们?没有上帝,只有他们自己,从忏悔的那一刻开始,也是他们寻求自赎之路的开始。他们上路浪荡,他们将眼光投向神秘古老的东方禅宗,他们亲近自然,在一花一草一木中体验着生命的本真。但种种自赎之路的尝试并没拯救他们,本章中指出他们最终并没有实现拯救的理由。结语部分对全文论述予以总结,指出凯鲁亚克作品的影响,呼吁不要对以凯鲁亚克为代表“垮掉的一代”文学进行片面的解读。

    【Abstract】WwW.zIdiR.coM Jack Kerouac, a representative of "the Beat Generation" Literature Movement in the 1950s and 1960s, occupied an important position in the American literary circles even in the world literary world. Based on text interpretation and with three currently-translated novels including on the Road, the Dharma Bums, Desolation Angels being the research object, this paper will do a research into the profound thoughts of the works of Jack Kerouac. Foucault confession disclosure and psychoanalytic theories will be used to interpret the theme of repentance of the novels of Jack Kerouac,to give a detailed analysis of confession consciousness and redemption that are conveyed implicitly in the novels and dig into the rich contents of the works.The thesis consists of three parts:introduction, body and conclusion.The introduction deals briefly with the relationship between Jack Kerouac and "the Beat Generation", the major literary works of Jack Kerouac and the research situation of his works at home and abroad, then illustrates the significance of the topic of the thesis and defines the "Confession Consciousness".The body part is divided into three chapters. In chapter one, it analyzes the confession consciousness from the individual and social dimensions implied in his works. From the individual aspect, characters in Jack Kerouac’works underwent self-reflection and implicit confession about several major life predicaments such as personal dream,emotion,life and death. From the social aspect, the characters in his works exposed and criticized the social, political and economic order, culture.In chapter two, it explores the individual and cultural factors that brought about the confession consciousness in Jack Kerouac’s works and summarizes the characteristics of Jack kerouac’s confession consciousness by combing four repentance modes(ie, Augustine-type confession mode, Rousseau-type confession mode, Leo Tolstoy-style confession mode, Tuo Dostoevsky-style confession mode) and the transformation of his confession mode and the style of his works and himself.In chapter three, it deals with the choices of the characters’self-redemption after confession and the reason of why they couldn’t be redeemed. Who can save them. There was no god but themselves.The moment they started to confess was the beginning of their self-redemption. They hung around on the road.They looked into the mystery of the ancient Oriental Zen.They got close to nature, experiencing the true nature of life in flowers and trees. However, every attempt of self-redemption did not work out. This chapter points out the reason why they couldn’t be saved.The conclusion gives an overall summary, points out the influences of Jack Kerouac’s novels and calls people don’t one-sided understanding the Beat Generation Literature.

    【关键词】 杰克·凯鲁亚克; 垮掉的一代; 《在路上》; 《孤独天使》; 《达摩流浪者》; 忏悔; 救赎;
    【Key words】 Jack Kerouac; the Beat Generation; on the Road; the Dharma Bums; Desolation Angels; confession; self-redemption;
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      杰克·凯鲁亚克 垮掉的一代 《在路上》 《孤独天使》 《达摩流浪者》 忏悔 救赎
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